Information Management in Government Organizations in Sierra Leone


Documents Administration is the systematic control of all documents from their creation or receipt, via their processing, distribution, Corporation, storage and retrieval to their best disposition. Mainly because facts is these a very important source to Business, the records administration function also contains information and facts administration. For that reason, data management is also called Data and knowledge Administration or RIM (Magnus, 2006).

Documents administration may additionally be accustomed to define as the best way official documents (correspondence documents, data) are structured in this kind of way that they may have a which means, and can be used continuously because of the end users which include managers, data pros, educational institutions,

Relevance of Documents Management in Governing administration Businesses

Setting up a information administration programme, in governing administration businesses for example, the Meteorological Office may perhaps bring about both of those speedy and very long-phrase significance into the Section. Underneath are mentioned many of the importance of data administration in the government companies, civil service, firms and enterprises in general:

• Records management lessens shed or misplaced records. Because the human ingredient is usually with us, even the most effective technique on earth will occasionally have misplaced information. But correctly intended doc management programs can steadily lower misfiles. Most often misfiled records can Price tag the clerical workers a tremendous wastage of your time in looking for information;

• Information administration work as evidence in the time of dispute. It is necessary for that settlement of dispute as it is usually revealed as evidence in courtroom;

• It helps in assessing development of organization. It helps while in the preservation of record in the Corporation. The past documents shows path to Corporation. It can help find out the weaknesses and strength of Firm. Data management provides the account of progress and way in which Corporation is offering on;

• Records administration will be the memory of business enterprise. It is useful for potential decision building method. The analyze of past documents reveals direction for long run. It supplies info to Firm Any time it is needed consequently, it can help in using conclusion;

• Records administration will help To judge organization development and performance. It helps as compared between just one time frame and A further or involving someday of companies;

• Information management helps in management and Charge of crucial information. It can help to shield essential information with care and disposes ineffective data;
• To reduce litigation risks. Corporation employ data management programmes so that you can lessen the dangers linked to litigation and probable penalties. This can be Similarly legitimate in govt agencies. A regularity applied documents administration programme can decrease the liabilities affiliated with document disposal by supplying for their systematic, routine disposal in a normal program of company;

• It improves accountability. A information administration will put in position a system for tracking actions on Each individual record, therefore growing accountability and providing access experiences; and

• To boost Doing work natural environment. Applying data management programme enhances the Performing environment with the Business of records and storage offsite. Structured Performing ecosystem can then Enhance the perception of the business by shoppers and possible employees. New personnel can also be effortlessly trained to manage the corporate's documents when an effective records management programme is in place (Jackson, 2008).

The Historical Track record with the Meteorological Office Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone was the headquarter (HQ) with the West African Meteorological solutions which was proven in 1923.Meterological products and services were furnished for four West African countries specifically Sierra Leone, Ghana, Nigeria as well as Gambia respectively. The Sierra Leone Meteorological Division can be an offshoot of your British West African Meteorological products and services Started around the twenty seventh April 1961. Because the establishment, the Office has long been governed by series of administrators and the presently director is Alpha Bockari who may have served On this capacity from 2012-to this point. The headquarter is found at F18 Charlotte Road Freetown.

The Meteorological Office exist to provide affordable climate and local climate companies by amassing, processing, archiving and disseminating meteorological and climatological data and expert services to assistance conclude person contributing for the management of Sierra Leone's economic climate with Exclusive regard to protection of life and home and safeguarding on the surroundings and recovering the costs from the companies so rendered to ensure that it expenditure will never exceed it income.

To be a department under the ministry of Transport and Aviation, They are really charged with the following mandates /obligations:

• Safety and nicely currently being of citizen and their protection towards extreme temperature predicament and devastation from natural disasters;

• Provision of reputable local climate knowledge to facilitates challenge structure for agricultural planning and put into action, h2o provide systems, infrastructure, and tourism;

• Contributing on the socio- financial (which includes furnishing stop consumer products and services for agricultural functions, maritime) growth on the state;

• Carryout weather and local weather linked activities e.g. Thoroughly clean Growth System (CDM), Weather Improve Expert services (CCS), Reduction of Emission from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD), and Countrywide Interaction (NCS) (Meteorological Office, 2014).

Targets from the Meteorological Department Sierra Leone

The overarching objective from the Meteorological Division set up as the sole authority, which concerns climate and climatological warnings and providers are, to:

• Forecast, prepare and provide meteorological and climatological companies which satisfy national socio- financial enhancement requires.

• Obtain, system, retail store and disseminate meteorological and climatological information and facts both equally nationally and internationally in accordance with regulations and procedures and processes set up under the WMO Conference in the International Civil Aviation Firm (ICAO), Worldwide Maritime Corporation (IMO), and so forth and also other relevant conventions in the United Nations devices including the Frame get the job done Conference on Local weather Adjust (UNFCC), and Convention to Fight Desertification, Drought and so forth.

• Give A selection of buyer/ sector certain operational meteorological solutions to these kinds of big sub sector as those for aviation, water resources, agriculture, protection, maritime, tourism, sporting activities and recreation, and development;

• Offers tips on meteorological and climatological matters into the countrywide Local community along with other governmental and non- governmental companies.

• Produce ample manpower to enhance purposeful efficiency and effectiveness of agencies.

• Cut down its reliance to the nationwide spending budget and generate its very own earnings by charging for expert services rendered to other customers;

• Prepare for and manage surface and upper air observation networks and properly and efficiently report the weather conditions and weather situation for Sierra Leone's economic progress;

• Presents meteorological providers for research and rescue functions through catastrophe and reduction operations in addition to all through countrywide emergencies; and

• Participate on behalf of Sierra Leone within the activities of relevance Intercontinental businesses to which its belongs, particularly the entire world Meteorological Group (WMO), Global Civil Aviation Firm (ICAO), Globe Climate Look at (WWW), World wide Local weather Observing System (GCOS), World wide Atmospheric Look at (GAW), Inter- Governmental Panel on Local climate Modify (IPCC), African Centre of Meteorological Purposes for Developments (ACMAD), United Country Setting Programme (UNEP) and so on job in all climate transform actions with the place (Meteorological Office, 2014).

Ways of Handling Data within the Meteorological Department

Records trying to keep are of good importance to any establishment. Just about the most essential choice professionals, directors or heads of Corporation have to make should be to select the appropriate ways of controlling their Business's records. There of two approaches which is drastically made use of. These involve centralized and decentralized methods of taking care of records.

Centralized Procedures

A Centralized approach to controlling documents will be the one particular wherein all Actual physical files are located in a single central area or Business office. The situation is controlled through the information administration Workplace employees. The volume of workforce during the data department will count on the dimensions of the organization. Inside of a centralized process, close people provide the convenience of being aware of all Actual physical documents concerning a specific circumstance are held in a similar area. If As an illustration, finish person has to reference a file he/she could well be required to Make contact with the documents Place of work team. The file would then be checked out to the top consumer. A whole claim of custody of file is captured, so the location of file is understood all of the time.

A centralized technique includes a heightened level of stability. For example, the entrance is locked so just the data workers has access to the documents inside the documents Office environment. This process yields much more control around Bodily document compared to the decentralized solutions. For efficiency of function, uniform office techniques are documented and circulated to all end consumer. These strategies deal with matters which include hours or operation, file request and delivery occasions.

Decentralized Approach

A Decentralized strategy is one particular wherein the physical documents can be found through the whole Place of work. This could indicate they can be found in each workers workplaces or other operate place Room. Unlike centralized strategies, wherever the data files are managed completely from the records office. A decentralized method is managed through the workers Systems Integration that developed the file. The physical data files are stored at the worker's desk not in a very centralized locale for all to entry. As a result, the method wouldn't demand a full-time report team.

Workers would have access to their data files all the time and will be to blame for protecting precision. The decentralized way of taking care of data has its demerits. For instance, suppose team of personnel are working on the same scenario simultaneously abruptly, the worker who's answerable for keeping the file is absent. The rest of the team could have difficulty in finding the file In the event the Corporation does not have claim of custody course of action in place. Alongside the identical traces, a decentralized method of taking care of records can have little if any stability above documents. This can demonstrate problematic particularly when a corporation handles higher sensitive circumstances

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